Sinus Infection, Its Causes And Symptoms?

Sinusitis refers to swelling or inflammation of the tissues that align the sinuses. These are hollow spaces present within the bones between your forehead, eyes, and behind the cheekbones. They are involved in making mucus which keeps the inner area of your nose moist.

That helps you to protect against pollutants, dust, and allergens. Air is filled in the healthy sinuses. But when they become filled with fluid and blocked, germs start growing and cause an infection. Conditions that lead to sinus blockage are:

  • A deviated septum, which is the nasal cavity’s shift
  • The appearance of small growths in nose lining called nasal polyps
  • Common cold
  • Allergic rhinitis, which is the nose lining swelling caused by certain allergens


You hear that your doctor sometimes use these terms:

  • Recurrent sinusitis occurs several times a year.
  • Subacute sinusitis lasts for four to twelve weeks
  • Symptoms of a chronic sinusitis last for 12 weeks or longer
  • Acute sinusitis initiates with cold-like symptoms like stuffy and runny nose and facial pain. It appears suddenly and lasts for two to four weeks.

You are vulnerable to get sinus if you have:

  • Blocked drainage ducts
  • Swelling inside the area of your nose due to a common cold
  • Nasal polyps
  • Immune system medications or deficiencies that works to suppress your immune system
  • Structural differences that cause the narrowing of drainage ducts

Following factors can lead to sinus in children.

  • Pacifiers
  • Allergies
  • Smoking in the environment
  • Bottle drinking while laying on your back
  • Being infected by other children at school or any daycare

Infection and smoking enhance the risk of getting sinusitis.

Symptoms Of Acute Sinusitis

Core symptoms of acute sinusitis are mentioned below.

  • Pressure on your face or facial pain
  • Stuffed up nose
  • Congestion or cough
  • Runny nose
  • Loss of smell

People may also experience the following symptoms with acute sinusitis.

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Issues with breathing
  • Dental pain

If you are experiencing two or more symptoms that are mentioned above then you may have acute sinusitis. Having thick yellow or green nasal discharge is also a sign of acute sinusitis.

Symptoms Of Chronic Sinusitis

You may experience the following symptoms for three months or more with the condition of chronic sinusitis.

  • Nasal blockage or obstruction
  • Feeling that  your nose is full
  • Getting pus in your nasal cavity
  • Fever
  • Postnasal drainage that is discolored or runny nose

People with chronic sinusitis may also suffer from bad breath, tooth pain, and headaches. You may have extreme fatigue with this condition. Many things can induce these symptoms in people. See a healthcare professional if you have the symptoms of sinusitis.


The doctor may prescribe you a decongestant if you are experiencing mild symptoms of a sinus infection. He or she will recommend you to do saline nasal washes. You can use decongestants for three days only because they can make you feel congested.

The doctor recommends antibiotics for ten to fourteen days. Treatment is beneficial in removing the symptoms. The moist and warm air helps you in chronic sinusitis. It is good to use a vaporizer. Another method is inhaling steam. Do not use the steam of too hot water.

If you want to recover from the symptoms of sinus on your own then do the following steps. These steps will help you to get better on your own.

  • Warm compress help to reduce the pain 
  • Drink many fluids so the mucus remains thin
  • It is safe to use saline nose drops yourself at home
  • Sprays and drops of decongestant are helpful. Do not use them for a longer duration of time.

Other Solutions

Avoid certain triggers associated with sinusitis. The doctor will recommend you an antihistamine if you suffer from the symptoms of allergy. If doctors or you blame fungus for the infection then you will receive a specific prescription for the medicines that are antifungal.

Doctors prescribe immunoglobulin to individuals who have immune deficiencies. It helps to fight certain things the human body reacts to.

Can An Individual Prevent Sinusitis?

No valid way has been discovered for the prevention of sinusitis. But some steps might help you to prevent its symptoms. These steps are: 

  • Try to quit the habit of smoking. Avoid sitting with others while they smoke.
  • Wash hands many times specifically during a cold or seasons of flu. Do not touch the area of your face.
  • Keep yourself away from allergy triggers. Visit a doctor if you think you need prescription medications to use the condition. They recommend immunotherapy and allergy shots.

If the problems of the sinus recur again, ask the doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of surgery. This treatment helps to drain the symptoms of sinuses.

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